Create a new repository
$ git init <dirname>
Creates a new bare git repository in the current directory, or if a directory argument is given, in that directory.
Version control a file
$ git add file|dir <file|dir> ...
Adds, or to use git terminology ‘stages’ a file for a local commit.
Remove a version controlled file
$ git rm -rf --cached <file|dir>
This removes a file that has been previously staged (i.e added) for local commit. It does not remove the local file. If you omit the —cached option, the local file WILL be deleted. The rm command is roughly analagous to: $ svn del
Make a local commit
$ git commit <-a> -m 'Commit message' <file> ...
The -a flag will commit all pending files recursively in the current path, alternatively you can specify the exact files to commit at the end of the command separated by spaces.
See pending actions or status
$ git status <-u no|all|normal> <path> ...
Will show pending files and untracked files in the current working path. Optionally the -u (—untracked-files) option can be supplied to hide/show untracked files in the status report. Passing a path, or number of paths will run the status for that path rather than the current directory.
Create a bare centralised remote repository
$ git clone --bare pathtoinitialrepo <myrepo.git>
Alternatively if you don’t have an existing repo already:
$ git init --bare <path>
Often you’ll see the .git extension bandied about, particularly on github. This is a canonical reference to a bare git repository (i.e. only has the meta information and not a working copy) that is usually acts as a master or central repository.
Configuring a local repository to push to a remote
$ cd pathtoinitialrepo $ git remote add origin ssh://[email protected]/~/repos/myrepo.git $ git push origin master
If you initially clone from the remote repository you can skip the first step of setting up the origin. However if you have just created a new bare remote repository and want to setup an initial commit, you need to setup the origin first. Subsequent pushes to the remote repository can be done with git push origin master. This is the familiar model of subversion and svn commit.
Create a local copy of a remote git repository
$ git clone ssh://[email protected]/~/repos/myrepo.git
Create a local copy from remote repository created following the above approach.
Ignore changes to a tracked file
$ git update-index --assume-unchanged <file>
Use this command if you’ve added a file, e.g. a database defaults config file, but do not want further changes to be picked up for it.
To resume tracking changes to the file use:
$ git update-index --no-assume-unchanged <file>